The guitar has six strings that must sound harmoniously among them. Each string should issue a specific note when pressed. Tune the guitar means getting each string must issue the note. This is done by turning the pins that are in the upper neck of the guitar.
It is very common in novice musicians, not distinguish whether the guitar is in tune or not. Experienced musicians achieve to tune their guitars with pure ear, but there is a very useful and easy to use tool called Tuner.
With the tuner, you can tune your guitar easily and quickly, especially useful when you are learning. We dare say that the tuner is the first accessory that every apprentice guitarist should buy.
Types of Guitar Tuners
First we must know that the tuners are divided into two categories: standard and chromatic tuners.
The standard tuner has been so far the most common. Is the tuner that has pre-established notes under a standard guitar tuning (E-B-G-D-A-E). Its operation is simple, because if we tune the 6th string (E) we begin to press the same in our guitar and the tuner tells us if we are close to the note, above or below it. However, these refiners have limitations because if we are far away from the correct pitch, will not give us any indication of how many tones we are to find the pitch.
Chromatic tuners (notes of the chromatic scale) are more complete than the standard type; they are able to tell the note on the string we’re playing is in tune. For example, if we tune in E, and the string was completely detuned for example in C, the refiner would indicate precisely the note is C, and as we move can always see the notes for which we are passing.
Within these two categories, there are different tuners: basic, clamp and foot. Let’s look at each in detail.
- Basic tuner or standard: portable and easy to use, these tuners are most commonly used by novice musicians. Only they require batteries to be ready for action.
- Clamp or clip tuner: small, practical and versatile (it is suitable for all guitars), captures the vibrations of your guitar and allows you to tune even if there is a lot of noise around.
- Pedal tuner: specially designed for use on stage, come with lights that make them more visible in the darkness of typical scenarios.
There are tuners that you can use in your smartphone. You just have to download the app from Google play or in the App store, but they are not good if you have noise around you. However, this type is cool if you are on a low budget.
It is important to take into account that it is good that you spend part of your time learning how to tune the guitar by ear because it is something that will serve you. But as you develop this ability you can use an electronic tuner. Just go and begin to practice with the tuner, you will see how easy it is.